# Three-Phase Induction Motor Torque-Speed Characteristics

As the torque of three-phase induction depends upon its speed but the relationship between them cannot be expressed by a simple equation. Therefore, we use the torque-speed curve to express the relationship between them.

Refer the torque-speed curve, it reveals the following facts

If the full-load torque is τ, then the starting torque or locked rotor torque is 1.5 times of τ and the maximum torque (also known as breakdown torque) is 2.5 times of τ.

The full load speed of the motor is N. If the mechanical load on the shaft is increased, the motor speed will decrease until the electromagnetic torque (or motor torque) is again equal to the load torque. As soon as the two torques are equal, the motor will run at a constant speed but lower than the previous speed. Although, if the torque exceeds the breakdown torque (2.5τ), the will suddenly stop.

The torque-speed characteristics of a three-phase induction motor is a straight line between the no-load and full-load operating points. The slope of the curve line depends upon the resistance of the rotor circuit i.e. the higher the rotor circuit resistance, the sharper the slope of the curve.

The small three-phase induction motors (below 10 kW rating) develop their maximum torque at a speed about 80% of synchronous speed whereas large motors (more than 1000 kW rating) develop their maximum torque at a speed about 98% of synchronous speed.

Refer the torque-speed curve, it reveals the following facts

If the full-load torque is τ, then the starting torque or locked rotor torque is 1.5 times of τ and the maximum torque (also known as breakdown torque) is 2.5 times of τ.

The full load speed of the motor is N. If the mechanical load on the shaft is increased, the motor speed will decrease until the electromagnetic torque (or motor torque) is again equal to the load torque. As soon as the two torques are equal, the motor will run at a constant speed but lower than the previous speed. Although, if the torque exceeds the breakdown torque (2.5τ), the will suddenly stop.

The torque-speed characteristics of a three-phase induction motor is a straight line between the no-load and full-load operating points. The slope of the curve line depends upon the resistance of the rotor circuit i.e. the higher the rotor circuit resistance, the sharper the slope of the curve.

The small three-phase induction motors (below 10 kW rating) develop their maximum torque at a speed about 80% of synchronous speed whereas large motors (more than 1000 kW rating) develop their maximum torque at a speed about 98% of synchronous speed.

**Key:**

*Vertical 3 Phase ac induction motors*,

*electric motor*,

*Vertical Inverter Duty motor*,

*DC Brake motor Oil Pressure Motor*,

*helical gear motor*,

*AC mini Induction DC gear motor*,

*Gear reducer motor series*,

*NMRV NRV worm reducer series*,

*Worm reducer series*,

*Horizontal Inverter duty*,

*worm gear series*,

*ac motor*,

*vertical gearmotor*,

*helical horizontal gearmotor*,

*gear reduce motor*,

*bevel gearmotor*,

*Three phase*,

*cyclo gear motor*,

*NMRV gear motor*,

*worm reducer*

**Newer articles**

**Older articles**

## Join